Area links:  Bessarabia     Crimea/Taurida     Dobrudscha     Jekaterinoslaw     Odessa  South Caucasus


Research Links

In addition to the Black Sea German database, the following links will help you research your German ancestors in the Crimea area.

* German-Russian Village List
* Village Plat Maps
* Research resources
* Kaukasische Post newspaper (1906-1914, 1918-1922):
     History of this newspaper

Recommended Books

Along with Swab Germans in Georgia, Bacho Chubinidze

How the First German Colonies Appeared in Azerbaijan, Rustam K. Alasgarov, Part 1 and Part II

Ekaterine Udsulaschwili, The German Colonists in Georgia (Elisabethtal/Asureti: 1818-1941)

Tbilisi’s German Settlements

German Villages Lost in Tbilisi

Georgia’s German Village [Elisabethtal] (video, English subtitles)

Tracing the German Heritage of the South Caucasus

Other Publications:

The Deportation of the Germans from the South Caucasus, trans. by Armand and Elaine Bauer, GRHS Heritage Review, September 1972.

Doomed to Death on the Danube, Dr. Joseph S. Height, GRHS Heritage Review, May 1975.

Difficult Times, J. Hummel, trans. by J.M. Richey, GRHS Heritage Review December 1991.

These books/publications may be available at your local library or available from, Germans from Russia Heritage Collection, the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, or the Germans from Russia Heritage Society.


Researching South Caucasus

South Caucasus

Germans first settled in the South Caucasus region in 1817-1818. Most of them came from Wuerttemberg, although many died on the journey. Some came for economic reasons, escaping the devastating harvests of 1816 (known as the Year Without a Summer). Many came for religious reasons—Separatists on the way to the Holy Land believing the Second Coming was imminent. Later, some colonists also came to the South Caucasus from Switzerland and Odessa-area colonies, especially from Glueckstal.


Eight mother colonies were originally established: Marienfeld, Neu Tiflis, Alexanderdorf, Petersdorf, Annenfeld, Elisabethtal, Helenendorf, and Katharinenfeld. These are in the present-day countries of Georgia and Azerbaijan. However they lost their German names and German population.


In 1826, many of these colonies were raided by Turkish and Kurdish horsemen, resulting in death or enslavement of many colonists. Annenfeld, Helenendorf, and Katharinenfeld experienced significant destruction. However, over time, the colonies prospered and more daughter colonies were formed.


After the Russian Revolution, Azerbaijan and Georgia declared their independence in 1918 and established protections for minority groups such as the Germans. However, in 1920 the Soviet Union annexed Azerbaijan, followed by Georgia in 1921. South Caucasus Germans experienced the same tragedies of farm collectivization, exile, and executions as those in the Odessa and Crimea areas.


In October 1941, South Caucasus Germans were deported to Kazakhstan. This impacted 23,580 Germans from Georgia, 22,741 from Azerbaijan and 212 from Armenia.


Church Records
 South Caucasus Germans were primarily Protestant. As Separatists, their churches typically had independent status until 1836, when they came under Lutheran church law. Lutheran churches in this area were part of the Moscow Consistory, not the St. Petersburg Consistory (which was typical in other parts of the Black Sea region).

Some Lutheran church records are available online:
Neu Tiflis
Census Records
The Stumpp book shows undated lists of settlers for each of the mother colonies, possibly from the earliest revision lists (aka tax lists) that were created.

Resettlement Records
It’s unknown whether any lists exist of the colonists that were deported in 1941.

EWZ Records
Germans in the South Caucasus were deported from their villages in the fall of 1941, so few (if any) resettled to Germany during WWII. Therefore, a researcher is unlikely to find EWZ records for these families.

Other Records
National Archives of Georgia: Catalog of documents related to Germans in Georgia and Transcaucasia.